ECOLOGIYA I STROITELSTVO

scientific peer-reviewed journal

ISSN 2413-8452

Рус | Eng

READING

№ 1'2015

AGRONOMY

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The use of white clover in agriculture

Gorbkova Ekaterina Valerevna

Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education «Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University», Moscow, Russia

Abstract:

The article considers problems of increase of efficiency of use of agricultural land. Summarized experimental data on cultivation of white clover in different countries. Recommendations on the improvement of soil fertility. Summarizes experimental data obtained during the research works on the study of white clover under irrigation for non-Chernozem zone, Moscow region on the production site «Dubna» in 2012–2014 Considered the agrotechnics of cultivation of white clover to obtain high-protein feed for livestock. It is noted that the white clover is a promising crop, contributes to the restoration of soil resources is used to produce low cost biological nitrogen needs irrigation. It is established that the maximum productivity is achieved clover 70...75 day from the date of sowing. Late sowing white clover adversely affects the growth and development of plants. To solve the fodder problem, it is recommended the advanced sowing of white clover, as in the context of irrigation, it is able to give good yields. It is noted that the clover well grown for silage, green manure, as feed additive in the form of hay. Perhaps the use of clover in crop rotation for conservation and reproduction of soil fertility. Clover is recommended to strengthen the slopes of roads and ditches for erosion control, as already in the first year of vegetation it forms a strong root system to 60 cm depth.

Keywords:

White clover, soil fertility, soil moisture, yield, irrigation.

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DOI: 10.35688/2413-8452-2015-01-005

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For citations: Gorbkova E.V. The use of white clover in agriculture // Ekologiya i stroitelstvo. 2015. № 1. Р. 19–22. doi: 10.35688/2413-8452-2015-01-005

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