scientific peer-reviewed journal

ISSN 2413-8452

Рус | Eng


№ 3'2017


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The growth and development of varieties of potatoes in the Khatlon region of Tajikistan

Partoev Kurbonali, Gulov Makhmali Kodirovich, Kurbonov Mavlon

Institute of Botany, Plant Physiology and Genetics of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan


In a hot climate in the Khatlon region of the Republic of Tajikistan examined the nature of the formation of production figures collectible varieties of potatoes. It is established that the varieties of potatoes Nilufar Tajikistan, Faizabad (st.) Rasht and give 100% germination within 25 days from planting, while other varieties sprout during 27-29 days from planting. In these conditions the greatest number of stems observed in the cultivars Muhabbat, Tojikiston, F1 (Nilufar x Clone-2) and Nilufar (4...5 PCs./plant). Varieties of potatoes Muhabbat and Nilufar exceed other varieties on the grounds of: the mass of stems in a 2.7 and 7 times the mass of roots in 2.5...3 times the mass of tubers at 6.0...6.75 times and the total biomass in 4...5 times. Adaptive reactions of potato cultivars in a hot climate Khuroson district is strongly associated with genetic features of studied varieties of potatoes. In hot climates Khuroson district, the most productive was the cultivar Muhabbat, Nilufar, Tojikiston, Faizabad (st.), which have a mass of tubers from 235 to 300 g/plant, and total biomass of the most productive varieties are varieties Muhabbat, Nilufar Tajikistan, which are from 400 to 500 g/plant (almost 2 to 3 times more than other varieties of potatoes). Therefore, varieties Muhabbat, Nilufar Tajikistan, and are more heat-resistant varieties and these can be rec-ommended in the future for breeding in hot climates Khuroson district of Khatlon region of Tajikistan.


Potato, cultivars, plant, plant yield, total biomass, climate, Tajikistan.



DOI: 10.35688/2413-8452-2017-03-004


For citations: Partoev K., Gulov M.K., Kurbonov M. The growth and development of varieties of potatoes in the Khatlon region of Tajikistan // Ekologiya i stroitelstvo. 2017. № 3. Р. 24–29. doi: 10.35688/2413-8452-2017-03-004